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muralipr
04-28-2004, 03:27 PM
Glossary of Ingredients

Tamil Hindi Other Indian Languages English Equivalent Type of Ingredient
Annasi Pazham Ananas ------ Pineapple Fruit
Arisi Chaaval ------ Rice Rice
Arisi Pori Murmure ------ Puffed Rice Rice
Aval Poha, Chivda ------ Rice Flakes
(Beaten Rice) Rice
Baadhaam Badam Badami Almond Nut
Bangalore Kathirikkaai ------ ------ Chayote Vegetable
Carrot Gajar ----- Carrot Vegetable
Cauliflower Phool Gobi Hookosu Cauliflower Vegetable
Chow Chow ------ ------ Chayote Vegetable
Dhrakshai Pazham Angoor ------ Grapes Fruit
Dhrakshai Kishmish, Khishmish Drakshi Raisins Fruit (dried)
Elakkaai Elaichi, Choti Elaichi Yalakki Green Cardammom Spice
Elumicham Pazham Nimbu Nimbe Lemon Fruit
Godhumai Maavu Atta Godihittu Wheat Flour Flour
Goyya Pazham Amroodh ------ Guava Fruit
Grambu Lavang Lavanga Clove Spice
Ingee Adrak Shunti, Ada Ginger Vegetable (root)
Jathikkai Jaiphal -------- Nutmeg Spice
Jeeragam Jeera Jeerige, Jeere Cumin Spice
Kaaramani Rajma Yerra beans Red Kidney Beans, Dry Red Beans Lentil
Kadalai Ennai Kalekai Thel ------ Groundnut Oil Oil, Cooking Medium
Kadalai Maavu Besan Kadilehittu Channa Dal Flour Lentil Flour
Kadalai Paruppu Channa Dal KadileBhele Channa Dal Lentil
Kadugu Rai Sasive, Sasama Black Mustard Spice
Kalakos ------ ------ Brussel Sprouts Vegetable
Kathirikkai Baigan Badanekai, Gulla Brinjal, Eggplant Vegetable
Karunjeeragam Kala Jeera ----- Black Cumin Spice
Karuvepilai Kari patta Karbevu, Karbevenasoppu Curry leaves Spice, Herb
Khasa Khasa Khus Khus Khus Khuse Poppy Seed Spice
Kothamalli Dhaniya,Dhania Kothambari Coriander Spice, Herb
Kuda Milagai Simla Mirch Dodd Mensenkai Green Bell Pepper (Capsicum) Vegetable
Kungumapoo Kesar, Zafraan Kesar, Keshar Saffron Spice
Kovakai (or Thondakkai) Kunthru Thendle, Tindora, Thondli Gherkins Vegetable
Lavanga Pattai Dalchini Chakke, Erikkoloam Cinammon Spice
Maangai Aam Mavu, Ambiram, Amba Mango Fruit
Madhulam Pazham Anaar ------ Pomegranate Fruit
Maida Maavu Maida Maida All Purpose Flour Flour
Manjal, Manjal Podi Haldi Halodi, Arishina Turmeric, Turmeric Powder Spice, Colouring agent
Milagai Mirchi Mirsang, Menasu Chilli Vegetable
Milagu Kali Mirch, Gol Mirch Kappumenasu, Kuru-mulagu Peppercorn Spice
Milagai Vathal Lal Mirch Sukki Mirsang, Menasinakai, Mulagu, Mirapakaya Dry Red Chilli Vegetable (dried)
Mor Chaas ------ Butter Milk Dairy Product
Mullangi Muli Moolangi, Mula Radish Vegetable
Munthiri Paruppu Kaju Gerubheeja, Kajubi Cashewnut Nut
Muttakos Patha Gobi Kosu Cabbage Vegetable
Nellikkaai Amla Avla Gooseberry Fruit
Ney Ghee Thuppa Clarified Butter Dairy Product/Cooking Medium
Omam Ajwain Omu, Jowan Thymol Seed Spice
Paagarkaai Karela Hagalakai, Kaipakka Bittergourd Vegetable
Paal Dhoodh Paalu Milk Dairy Product
Pachai Milagai Hari Mirch Tarnimirsang, Hasimenasu Green Chilli Vegetable
Pachai Pattani Mattar, Matar Vatana, Batani Green Peas Pulse
Palaa Pazham Kathal ------ Jack Fruit Fruit
Pappali Papital ------ Papaya Fruit
Parangikkaai Kadhu Sihikumbala Kayi, Kohlu Pumpkin Vegetable
Pasalai Keerai Palak Basale, Vali Spinach Leafy Vegetable
Pattai Tejpat Patraka,Tejpatra, Talishappattiri, Patta akulu Bay leaf Herb (dried)
Payatham Paruppu Moong Dal, Mung Dal ----- Green Gram Dal Lentil
Pericham Pazham Khajoor Kharjoora Date Fruit (dried)
Perungayam Hing Ingu, Hinguva Asoefetida Spice
Perunjeeragam
(Sombu) Saunf ------ Aniseed Spice
Pistha Paruppu Pista ------ Pistachios Nut, Dry Fruit
Poondu Lasan Belluli, Tellagadda Garlic Vegetable (root)
Pooshanikkaai ------ ------ White Pumpkin Vegetable
Pudhina Podina Pothina, Putiyina Mint Herb
Puli Imli Hunse, Huli, Chinch Tamarind Fruit (dried), Condiment
Puzhungal Arisi Poha Povu, Avalakki Beaten Rice Rice
Ravai Rava Soji Semolina Flour
Sarkarai Cheeni Vellam Sugar Sugar, Sweetening Ingredient
Sathukudi Narangi Santra, Kithilai Orange Fruit
Semiya Seviyan ------ Vermicilli Noodles
Sombu (Perunjeeragam) Saunf, Moti Saunf Badisopu, Sohikirai, Somp Fennel, Aniseed Spice
Thayiru Dahi Mosaru Curd, Yoghurt Dairy Product
Thaen Shahad ------ Honey Sweetening Ingredient
Thengai Nariyal Narlu, Kayi Coconut Fruit, Vegetable
Thengai Ennai Khopre, Naariyal Thel ------ Coconut Oil Oil, Cooking Medium
Thulasi Tulsi ------ Basil Spice, Herb
Thuvaram Paruppu Thoor Dal ------ ------ Lentil
Urulai Kizhangu Aloo Aloogadde,Batata Potato Vegetable
Ulundhu Masoor Dal Masoor ------ Lentil
Ulutham Paruppu Urad Dal Uddinabhele Black Gram Dal Lentil
Uppu Namak ------ Salt Salt
Vaazhaikkaai Hara Kela Balekai, Kele Raw Banana, Plaintain Vegetable
Vaazhai Pazham Kela Balehannu, Kele Ripe Banana Fruit
Vellam Gur Bella, God, Gol Jaggery, Indian Molasses Condiment
Vellarikkai Kakdi ------ Cucumber Vegetable
Vendaikkai Bhindi, Bindi Bendekai, Bhinda Lady's Finger, Okra Vegetable
Vennai Makhan Loni Butter Dairy Product
Vengayam Piyaz, Pyaaz Nirulli, Dungari, Kanda Onion Vegetable
Venthayam Methi Menthe, Venthiam, Mentula Fenugreek Spice
Verkadalai Moong Phali Kadlekai, Bhoising Groundnut, Peanut Nut
Yellu Til Tilu Sesame Seeds Spice

Bluelotus
04-28-2004, 09:33 PM
Thank you so much....just what I needed :D

unique
04-28-2004, 10:38 PM
Super Muralipr :clap: :clap: :clap: .......Blues ku inimel kashtam irukaadhunU ninaikiren.....enna blues correcta.......

suha
04-29-2004, 03:56 AM
wow wow yennakum terinji pochu :clap:

katteri
04-29-2004, 11:27 AM
Kalakkuraa muralipr...
Pramadham :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap:

Bluelotus
04-29-2004, 01:24 PM
Super Muralipr :clap: :clap: :clap: .......Blues ku inimel kashtam irukaadhunU ninaikiren.....enna blues correcta.......

:oops: yes Unique...now I have no more excuses....gotta start banging those pots and pans together :P


just one more question though :ahha: :
what is palak?

:D thank you.

katteri
04-29-2004, 02:26 PM
palak is keerai..

palak panner sappedungaa supper a irukkum...with tandorri roti only

Shy
04-29-2004, 04:36 PM
sweet lotus its, keerai.. but engae spinach matum thaan i get :(..

Shy

GoodBoy
04-29-2004, 04:43 PM
sweet lotus its, keerai.. but engae spinach matum thaan i get :(..

Shy


keeraiku spinachukum ena vithiyasam :Ksp:

Shy
04-29-2004, 04:49 PM
I mean namba oorla kedaikura keerai ellam we dont get here.. just spinach sola vanthaen :sm12: :sm12:

Shy

anainar
04-29-2004, 05:00 PM
Very good reference material. I had a cook book in which they even said about various quantities used across the globe. But I lost the book.

நம்ம ஊர்ல இத்தனை கீரை வகை பாருங்க..
அகத்திகீரை
அரைக்கீரை
முருங்கைக் கீரை
முளைக்கீரை
பசலிக்கீரை
கொத்தமல்லி கீரை

There are much more varieties. Each being cooked differently. But all we get here is Spinach. Agaththikkirai is cooked in boiling water and then fried with coconut. Very tasty and very good for eyes.

அரைக்கிரை is made by boiling and one round of mixing to make a pulp which goes very well with வத்தக்குழம ்பு.

Murungai kirai is also cooked and fried to make a delicious side dish. It is also used while making ghee from butter.

Hmmm!! When will I get a chance to eat all those varieties?

Cheers

anitam
04-29-2004, 05:01 PM
thanks murali... great work.. :clap:

suha
04-29-2004, 05:07 PM
palak.means...........choy shum........acho idhu chinese pa :doh:

unique
04-29-2004, 05:08 PM
Very good reference material. I had a cook book in which they even said about various quantities used across the globe. But I lost the book.

நம்ம ஊர்ல இத்தனை கீரை வகை பாருங்க..
அகத்திகீரை
அரைக்கீரை
முருங்கைக் கீரை
முளைக்கீரை
பசலிக்கீரை
கொத்தமல்லி கீரை

There are much more varieties. Each being cooked differently. But all we get here is Spinach. Agaththikkirai is cooked in boiling water and then fried with coconut. Very tasty and very good for eyes.

அரைக்கிரை is made by boiling and one round of mixing to make a pulp which goes very well with வத்தக்குழம ்பு.

Murungai kirai is also cooked and fried to make a delicious side dish. It is also used while making ghee from butter.

Hmmm!! When will I get a chance to eat all those varieties?

Cheers

Innum niraya irukku

Ponnanganni keerai
Manathakkali keerai
Pulicha keerai

Adhu sari adhu enna Kothamalli keerai sandhadi saakula edhuo onnu sollareengah

anainar
04-29-2004, 05:17 PM
Unique,

என்ன இப்படி சொல்லிட்டீ ங்க, கொத்தமல்லி க்கீரை தெரியாதா? அதை வைச்சு சட்னி செய்வாங்கள ே? அப்புறம் ரசம், சாம்பார் இதுல எல்லாம் garnishing பண்ணுவாங்க ளே?

But I missed ponnaanganni and manathakkali. I had them in my mind but was not able to pull it out.

Cheers

katteri
04-29-2004, 05:36 PM
மொடக்கதான் கீரை + innum oru keerai irukku...maranthu pochu.... i think **** avathikeerai...(periya maram aakum)....+My grandma use to say if waste food .. yamaraaja will pick this rice i dropped , & used to mix with this keerai....& give food when i die... so initimidating....

மொடக்கதான் கீரை dosai sappitathillaiyaa....

Bluelotus
04-29-2004, 06:18 PM
Thank you katteri.

Amazingly I was gonna make spinach today cos I bought some fresh ones just yesterday...will try the recipe (what am I gonna do for paneer? :? can i substitute silken tofu for paneer or is that a no no? :think: )


The Word Keerai is not the actual equivalent of the word Spinach .

what you guys see in the western supermarkets is only and I mean only either Swiss chard or English Spinach (Spinacia oleracea)

http://www.urbanext.uiuc.edu/firstgarden/planning/dictionary/images/spinach.jpg

then u have Indian spinach or malabar spinach(basella alba, b. rubra, b. cordifolia )

http://sd1new.net/GardenPages/malabar1.jpg

Then all the other leafy vegetables u mentioned, would not be termed as spinach.

U can get all of them frm the Indian-Sri Lankan grocers over here.
I know cos Mummy gets them from those ethnic shops...and tries so hard to make us eat them :ahha:

I love creamy spinach myself.

Never guessed this would start a huge discussion on Spinach varieties.

unique
04-29-2004, 06:27 PM
Yes Blues Toffu can be substitued instead of paneer....though panner will give a different taste....toffu konjam fry pannungo b4 adding it to the palak

Shy
04-29-2004, 06:28 PM
Unique,

என்ன இப்படி சொல்லிட்டீ ங்க, கொத்தமல்லி க்கீரை தெரியாதா? அதை வைச்சு சட்னி செய்வாங்கள ே? அப்புறம் ரசம், சாம்பார் இதுல எல்லாம் garnishing பண்ணுவாங்க ளே?

But I missed ponnaanganni and manathakkali. I had them in my mind but was not able to pull it out.

Cheers

Ellai Anainar... கொத்தமல்லி த்தலை ... corrainder leaves thaan soli irukaar. Namba athula thogayal, chutney ellam we make right :)

Correct thaanae anainar...

Shy

meerasriram
05-02-2004, 10:10 PM
vendhaya keerai onu iruku.. superaa irukum..

meerasriram
05-02-2004, 10:12 PM
thanks a lot for giving the Ingredient names in different languages..

pavi11
02-15-2005, 01:38 PM
thanks.very useful tips. conversation is very interesting.

all_india_radio
07-20-2006, 03:06 PM
thanks. good tips